The Spatial Environment Affects Human Emotion Perception-Using Physiological Signal Modes
In the past, spatial design was mainly from the perspective of designers. With the increasing demand for quality spaces, contemporary architecture has gradually shifted from focusing on form creation to human well-being, once again advocating the concept of “human-centered” spatial design. Exploring how the spatial environment affects human emotions and health is conducive to quantifying the emotional perception characteristics of space and promoting the improvement of human quality of life and sustainable survival. At the same time, the development of contemporary technology and neuroscience has promoted the study of the impact of spatial environment on human emotion perception. This paper summarizes the research on the impact of the spatial environment on human emotion perception in recent years. First, 28 relevant studies were screened using the PRISMA framework. Then a set of research processes applicable to this study is proposed. Next, the physiological signals currently used to study the effects of the spatial environment on human emotions are summarized and analyzed, including electroencephalography (EEG), skin response (GSR), pulse (PR), and four other signals. The architectural features studied in the related literature are mainly building structural features, building spatial geometric features, and building spatial functional attributes. The study of urban space is divided into different parts, such as urban environment characteristics and urban wayfinding behavior. Finally, we point out the shortcomings and perspectives of studies related to the influence of spatial environment on human emotion perception.
Keywords: Architectural Space Environment; Urban Space; Human Emotional Feelings; Physiological Signals Sdg11.