Simulating Renovation Strategies Based On Vernacular Mimicry: Energy, Materials And Comfort

Adrian Krezlik Faculty of Architecture, University of Porto

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the built environment has a significant share in global final energy use, greenhouse gases emission, land-system change, and biodiversity loss to list some indicators. In Europe, the biggest challenge is to regenerate existing building stock to create a positive impact on Nature. The Portuguese housing stock is old: 56% is more than 30 years old, and it has a low level of thermal comfort and energy efficiency. The first thermal regulations appeared in 1990 and therefore most of the houses need urgent renovation to meet EU decarbonization goals, and to improve energy efficiency, as well as well-being and comfort of residents. This paper presents a method that aims to verify existing solutions known from vernacular architecture as complementary to existing strategies. It employs digital simulation to verify whether they could be used for renovation, measuring their impact on human and planetary health. The paper shows that there is a wide spectrum of parameters that influence the renovation process and that it is possible to enhance building performance using vernacular knowledge

Keywords: Sdg 3; 1Sdg 11; Sdg 13; Life Cycle Assessment; Occupant Health; Energy Renovation; Vernacular Mimicry

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