Urban Scale 3 Dimensional Cfd Approximation Based On Deep Learning A Quick Air Flow Prediction For Volume Study In Architecture Early Design Stage

Yahan Xiao POLLC
Akito Hotta POLLC
Takaaki Fuji MITSUBISHI JISHO SEKKEI INC, Takaaki Fuji + Yuko Fuji Architecture
Kensuke Hotta POLLC

The CFD generated by an object and its surroundings is critical during architectural design. The most common method of CFD calculation is to discretize the spatial region into small cells to form a three-dimensional grid or grid point and then apply a suitable algorithm to solve the equation iteratively until the steady state, which usually takes a significant amount of time before it converges to the exact solution of the problem. Deep learning is a subset of a Machine Learning algorithm that uses multiple layers of neural networks to perform in processing data and computations on a large amount of data. This paper presents a deep learning model CNN architecture to provide a quick and approximated 3-dimensional solution for the CFD. Our network speeds up 45 times compared to the standard CFD solver. Moreover, our network is able to predict a CFD in which the wind inlet and outlet appear at the same surface of a wind tunnel.

Keywords: Urban Microclimate; Machine Learning; 3D Unet; Residual Block; 3 Dimensional Cfd Prediction; Sdg 11

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