Research On The Application Of Robotic Carving Technology In The Protection Of Chinese Traditional Clay Sculptures

Zhe Guo Hefei University of Technology
Zihuan Zhang Hefei University of Technology
Ce Li Wuhan University

In recent years, digital design and technology application has gradually become a hot topic in the field of architectural design and traditional material and cultural heritage protection. Based on the research of “revitalization plan of Chinese traditional crafts”, this study attempts to establish a digital workflow, so as to solve the problems of Chinese traditional clay sculptures technique developed from Huizhou in the protection of intangible cultural heritage. In the process of technical implementation, this paper discusses a new design method of robotic arm(six-axis robotic arm) engraving knife path simulating craftsmen, and explores the relationship between mechanical arm scraper and clay materials under different humidity. Based on the above theoretical basis, this study then uses 3D scanning technology and robotic arm as the hardware platform to establish a bionic robot arm tool path generation algorithm, so as to realize the precise carving requirements of the robotic arm under complex carving patterns. First, this paper starts with the current situation of intangible cultural protection of Huizhou traditional three sculptures, discusses the previous achievements in Chinese traditional clay sculptures technique protection. Then puts forward a kind of workflow that can make the manipulator simulate the real craftsman’s carving, and applies the workflow to different knife path density and different scraper cases, through analysis and comparison, summarizes and draws a conclusion. Protecting China’s traditional folk skills especially the ancient handicraft is our main goal to do this research. In the context of world integration, maintaining traditional handicraft skills is conducive to carry forward the national cultural self-confidence, and can stand firm and show national characteristics under the impact of different cultures in the world. The inheritance of traditional intangible cultural heritage and handicrafts needs to be realized step by step by people’s learning. The inheritance methods are complex and the communication ability is weak. It is not easy to learn, and skills are often lost. The method of digital craftsmanship adopted by the digital craftsman project not only retains the handicraft sample itself, but also retains the skills and methods that are difficult to inherit. Reference: Kolb, Josef (2008) Find in CUMINCAD Systems in Timber Engineering: Load-Bearing Structures and Component Layers , Basel: Birkhäuser Lachauer, Lorenz, Matthias Rippmann, and Philippe Block (2010) Find in CUMINCAD Form Finding to Fabrication: A digital design process for masonry vaults , Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium. Shanghai: IASS Braumann, Johannes, and Sigrid Brell-Cokcan (2011) Find in CUMINCAD Parametric Robot Control: Integrated CAD/CAM for Architectural Design , Integration Through Computation: Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture, edited by by J. Taron, V. Parlac, B. Kolarevic, and J. Johnson, 242–51. Banff/Calgary, Canada: ACADIA Rael, Ronald, and Virginia San Fratello (2017) Find in CUMINCAD Clay Bodies: Crafting the Future with 3D Printing , Architectural Design 87 (6): 92–7

Keywords: Sdg8, Decent Work And Economic Growth ,Robotic Fabrication, Protection Of Traditional Culture, Form Algorithm

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