A Framework For A Gameful Collective Urbanism Based On Tokenized Location Data And Liquid Democracy: Early Prototyping Of A Case Study Using E-Bikes
The participation of citizens in designing built and social environments is fundamental for the creation of sustainable cities and communities. However, in practice, collective decision-making remains challenging. Several researchers have proposed innovative models of governance to achieve a more democratic participation. In this paper, we attempt to contribute to this topic from the point of view of urban planning. This paper’s objectives are twofold. First, to propose a framework of a collective digital process of urbanism. Second, to present an early stage of prototyping a case study using e-bikes. The term collective urbanism describes a collaborative process of decision-making in urban planning and design, based on tokenized location data, to account for local community’s influence on and control over how to improve shared urban spaces. Research questions are elaborated as follows: How to build a collective process of urban planning based on the collective intelligence and the local knowledge of the community? How can technological tools support and promote citizen participation in deciding how to design their public spaces? In this paper, we present the conceptual part of a design-based research experiment grounded in a theory-driven approach. Based on literature review, we built a design framework of a digital application that we aim to implement and develop through an ongoing process of case studies. This research takes interest in the potential of location data in merging the physical and digital layers of urban space and connecting online and offline communities. The main conclusions of this work emphasise how the combination of the concepts of temporal ownership of public space, tokenized location data and liquid democracy result in a dynamic and gameful decision-making process that fosters collective intelligence and social interaction. We believe that this framework opens important discussions about the value of local knowledge in urban decision making and we hope it contributes to the development of digital applications for collective urbanism that increases the level of citizen participation in deciding how to design built and social environments.
Keywords: Collective Urbanism, Liquid Democracy, Temporal Ownership, Tokenization, Location Data, Data Dignity, Gameful Design, Sdg11: Sustainable Cities And Communities.